The Wonderful World of Terpenes
The cannabis plant is not only rich with phytocannabinoids, but also terpenes. The terpene profile and ratios vary from one cannabis strain to another. The terpenes in cannabis are responsible for the scent profile of each strain and are Generally Recognized as Safe by the US Food and Drug Administration.
The most common cannabis terpenes include beta-Myrcene, limonene, alpha-pinene, linalool, beta-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, nerolidol and phytol. beta-Myrcene is the most abundant terpene found in the cannabis plant. Beta-Myrcene has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and anti-mutagenic properties.
Terpenes are part of the “entourage effect” commonly talked about in the hemp CBD world and can be found in full spectrum hemp CBD oils. The synergy of phyto-cannabinoids and terpenes is a matter of current and exciting research. It is believed to be the next frontier of the hemp industry.
Terpenes are also being isolated from cannabis plants solely for scent, flavor, and therapeutic properties and being sold completely separate from hemp CBD products. Kenneth Morrow developed the first technology to isolate terpene from cannabis flowers. Tony Verzura took terpene isolate to the next level by developing a modified vapor vacuum distillation system.
Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene that can be found in many cannabis strains, as well as the essential oil of black pepper, oregano, copaiba, and many others. Consuming essential oils is not safe, however a full spectrum CBD product with naturally occurring terpenes is safe. According to Project CBD, “It [Beta-caryophyllene] is gastro-protective, good for treating certain ulcers, and offers great promise as a therapeutic compound for inflammatory conditions and auto-immune disorders because it binds directly to the peripheral cannabinoid receptor known as CB2.”
A study by Moraes et al found that beta-myrcene can play a role in preventing peptic ulcers because it acts as an inhibitor of gastric and duodenal ulcers. The good news is that full spectrum hemp CBD is consumable; this allows this amazing compound to enter the digestive tract in a completely safe method.